Receiving Meteosat, GOES, MTSAT, Metop, AVHRR and ATOVS data from the EUMETCast DVB Service
The new and the old - DVB satellite dish for EUMETCast
and QFH antenna for polar orbiting APT
How do I get the new data?
You can now receive data from EUMETSAT via a TV broadcasting
satellite - Eurobird-9A
- as an alternative way to either direct reception from
Meteosat or using the Internet to download the data. This service is
and it is provided by a tq®-TELLICAST server. Just like direct reception,
the data is only broadcast once so if you miss a transmission, that's tough, you
miss the data! Many EUMETSAT services - Meteosat-9 (MSG-2), FSD, AVHRR and
ATOVS - are
available through DVB (Digital Video Broadcasting). DVB is the way that Meteosat-8
and now Meteosat-9 data
is being made available
in Europe following an amplifier failure, and a whole lot more data has been
added since the start, and EUMETCast now provides the main dissemination for Metop-A
is being broadcast over the DVB route since one of the MSG-1 power amplifiers
failed. Meteosat-8 and Meteosat-9 (formerly MSG-1 and MSG-2) comprise the
second-generation geostationary weather satellite for Europe,
providing twelve spectral channels instead of the previous three, more
resolution, and twice the scan frequency. You can see some sample results here.
- FSD - foreign satellite data - includes 3-hourly images
from geostationary satellites around the world, such as the GOES-West and
GOES-East stationed over the Americas, Meteosat-7 providing the
Indian Ocean Data Coverage (IODC), and MTSAT covering Asia and Australia.
- EUMETCast is the main dissemination in Europe for data from
the new Metop-A
satellite, launched in October 2006. Uniquely, this satellite
provides high-resolution continuous round-the-world coverage, bringing you
data at 1km from many parts of the world never previously routinely imaged
at such high resolution.
provides a unique service of the high-resolution 5-channel HRPT image data from
the AVHRR scanner on NOAA-17, NOAA-19 and Metop-A satellites, in
near-real-time. By combining the data from
several ground stations (seven stations currently; in Canada, Greece, the Canary Islands, Northern France,
Moscow, Greenland and Svalbard, north of the Arctic Circle), an extended Europe-wide coverage is
obtained, providing data which no single ground station could receive.
This data is of superb quality and has a 1km ground resolution capable of
producing spectacular images with ten times the resolution of APT.
Previously, you needed a large tracking antenna and an expensive and complex
1.7GHz receiver to
get this data. An
example of the coverage can be seen here.
- EARS-ATOVS provides a retransmission of the thermal and microwave
sounder data not available to APT weather satellite users. This comprises 20
channels of thermal imaging data, and 20 channels of microwave data for each
pixel in the image, allow detailed investigation of the properties of the
atmosphere as the channels are carefully chosen to coincide (or not) with
absorption in the atmosphere due to the presence of carbon dioxide and
ozone. The penalty you pay for getting such high spectral resolution is that
the spatial resolution is reduced - the pixel size is much bigger than the
HRPT or APT data that we are used to seeing. Together these are called
data. You can see some sample results here.
basic service (GDS - Global Data Set -free) not only provides much meteorological data in both text
and graphical formats, since November 2006 high-resolution polar orbiting
data from a variety of NOAA satellites calibrated and geographically
rectified to cover the European region.
If you have questions about Meteosat-8 or Meteosat-9, please consult the EUMETSAT
Web site. For a brief overview of EUMETCast please see the Information
Note on EUMETCast. Further information about trouble-shooting EUMETCast is
available in the EUMETCast
Troubleshooting Guide. There is also an informal Yahoo
group for MSG-1 and MSG-2 where many users may be found. EUMETCast also includes
the optional DWDSAT
data stream - there are also Yahoo groups covering the different requirements
for and uses of AVHRR data,
DWDSAT data, and Metop
For an overview of one man's EUMETCast reception station -
take a look at Alan
Banks' Web page.
- First you need to complete the online EUMETCast
Registration form available at the EUMETSAT
Web site. There is
quite lot more
data than just the ATOVS, AVHRR and Meteosat-8/9 and the guidance available here
You can ask to
receive data either from the Internet, from a broadcast satellite (DVB), or
both. What data should I order from the EUMETSAT EO portal - see this
- Please note that the same form should be completed if you
want access to the 30-minute Meteosat-7 Indian Ocean Data Coverage (IODC) data carried over
EUMETCast. You need to complete that form to get the "HRI
Licence", and you may need to complete that form again if your original
application was before April 2004.
- For advice on completing the form, please see the GEO
- A technical
document - TD15 (PDF format) outlining how to set up their receiving station is available on
the EUMETSAT Web site.
- Once EUMETSAT have received your application, they will
process it. For amateurs, the data access
is basically free, although there may be a small service charge. For
the UK, there is no service charge. The process could take 2
- 3 weeks during holiday periods, but is often quicker.
- Once EUMETSAT have accepted your application, assuming you
want DVB data, they will invoice you for the cost of the TelliCast DVB
software and EKU (USB eToken) required to turn the DVB data stream into
Meteosat-9 (MSG-2) segment data. This costs about
- You can now pay EUMETSAT by credit-card. Telephone the credit card details to them. Do not send
your credit card details by e-mail or FAX. Telephone: +49 6151 807366
/ 377 and explain the call is for TelliCast software or EKU payment.
- When you have paid EUMETSAT, they will send the TelliCast
DVB software and eToken.
- EUMETSAT will send you a username and password to access
the service by e-mail (they may also send this with the software).
- Here is my diary of events - it's a
bit dated now, but people
keep asking how long it will all take!
If you have any questions about this procedure, please do
not e-mail me, but ask on the MSG-1
Yahoo Group where there are lots of people who have been through the
complete DVB system will comprise a satellite receiving dish to be mounted
outside, an LNB (low noise block) which converts the 11GHz signal down to the
1GHz region and amplifies it to overcome cable loss, good satellite cable terminated with
F-connectors to connect the LNB to your DVB card, and the DVB USB box or DVB card itself which
fits into one of the PCI slots inside your PC. For Ku-band reception in
Europe I recommend the DVBWorld USB box or SkyStar 2
card from the GEO shop. Note that a 5-volt PCI slot
is required, and some recent PCs with PCI-X slots are not compatible - be
sure to check before purchase. For Meteosat-9 EUMETSAT recommend that you have a separate PC
dedicated to data capture and file sharing, and that it should be at least a
2GHz Pentium 4 system. However, many people find that adequate performance
can be obtained with a single PC, with today's powerful dual-core PCs, and with
2-3GB of memory. For data capture, I
have recently used an old Pentium
III 550MHz machine as my Receiver PC. While Windows 2000 Advanced Server is not supported,
Windows 2000, Windows 2000 Server, and Windows XP systems work correctly. Widows
Vista is also OK, although my own tests have been with a USB 2.0 hi-speed box
rather than a SkyStar PCI card, and are described
Be sure to use fast hard disks in the receiver PC, with as big a disk buffer as
possible (8/16/32MB rather than 2MB), and a fast connection (UDMA 66/100 or serial
ATA) to help minimise the chance of missing segments. The length of the cable
from LNB to PC is
not critical, and 15-20m is typical.
You can purchase these from various suppliers, and you may be able to get
a good package deal buying all the items together. The GEO Shop has
fair prices and aims to provide good service - why not join GEO
and get the highly-regarded GEO Quarterly magazine?
information about configuring your PC.
You can find an introduction Data Transmission using MPEG-2
and DVB systems here.
is more detailed information on transmission system here
(PDF file). The present service uses a QPSK modulation with a 3/4 Code
Rate at a 27.5 MSymbol/sec rate, resulting in a 38.00 Mbit/sec bit rate stream
which contains all the EUMETCast data and other services, Within Europe,
this is broadcast from the 11976MHz TP63 transponder
on the Eutelsat Eurobird
9A satellite, and C-band services are also available over Africa from the Atlantic
Bird 3 satellite, and over South America from the NSS806
satellite. EUMETSAT reception station setup Web
do I point my dish?
the Ku-band Europe service, visit http://www.satlex.de/en/azel_calc.html,
select your country and city, select orbital position 9.0E : Eurobird 9/9A, and
press Calculate. You may also find the Satellite
Dish Alignment Tools page helpful.
The data flow from the satellite to
the final images is quite complex. Here is how some of the software
components fit together.
- Your DVB card will come with TechniSat software. This
allows the card to receive data and TV broadcasts, but their are no free TV
broadcasts on the Eurobird-9 transponder. You cannot easily receive data at the same time as watching TV, though!
I recommend waiting until you get your CD from EUMETSAT which contains the
recommended V4.3.0 SkyStar drivers, and installing no software from
the TechniSat CD.
- The T-Systems TelliCast software may replace components of
the TechniSat software when you install it. It turns the DVB card into a
channel through which files are received from EUMETSAT, and dumped on your
PC. Management of those files is your responsibility. Ensure that your
supplier of TelliCast software offers adequate support, as there can
sometimes be tricky problems with this software.
- To manage and decode Meteosat-9 (MSG-2) data, you can use the MSG Data
Manager from this site.
- To make false-colour images, remap to standard map
projections, or animate the images you can use GeoSatSignal
from this site.
- To make real-time monochrome or attractive paletted
false-colour animations from Meteosat-9 or Foreign Satellite Data, you can use the MSG
- Software to decode the Sea-Ice
and Sea-Surface Temperature data is available.
- Software to visualise the ATOVS
data is available.
- To decode the ATOVS or RSS data, you can use any of the
available software. Although most of the professional software is for UNIX,
low cost ATOVS Reader software for
Windows is available from SatSignal Software.
- To decode data in the GRIB Edition 1 or GRIB Edition 2
format, you can use my GRIB Viewer
- To visualise the HDF5 format LSA data from the Land Surface
Analysis SAF, you can use my HDF
Performance monitoring is possible if you have SNMP
installed. You can see what my card is doing here,
which is updated from time to time.
For more information on the Meteosat-9 (MSG-2) data flow can be found here.
Getting the system to work
- Most likely you will get your hardware before you have the
TelliCast software and EUMETSAT user name and password, so will probably be
tempted to start by proving the system in TV reception mode.
- I recommend that you only install the software provided on
the EUMETSAT CD, and follow the detailed installation instructions they
- If you must check out the card before getting the
EUMETSAT CD, and I do not recommend this, install the DVB card into your PC, and install the
TechniSat software that comes with the card. You may find that the
data is for the Astra-1 satellite, and as a first test that will suffice.
Astra-1 is at 19ºE and Eurobird-9 at 9ºE. You will
need to un-install this software and start again once you get the EUMETSAT
- GEO's satellite guru John Tellick
comments [edited for the Eurobird-9 service, after November 2008]: "Astra-1 at 19ºE and
Eurobird-9 at 9ºE
both provide signal levels which show up reasonably well on the TechniSat SatFinder meter (for example).
I suggest people initially point their dish in a 'southerly' direction and it's usually quite easy to find these two
signals ten degrees apart. You will also find a signal at 13ºE which
you should ignore. The left one will be Astra-1, the middle one
Horbird-6, and the right one the much weaker Eurobird-9. However you can get accurate
Eurobird-9 dish pointing co-ordinates for your
individual locations with WXtrack
or at the EUMETSAT
- Note that the DVB card can get quite hot, so try to either
leave an air-gap on either side, or perhaps use a small extra fan.
- The dish comes with assembly instructions. Check that you
have all the parts before scattering them all over the floor! The first step
is to assemble the LNB clamp. Note that a small-diameter adapter is supplied
that appeared not to be needed with my LNB (or is this a device to restrict
LNB movement?). The various plastic items are supplied as one moulding, and
broken off as required. The screw holding the LNB clamp together was missing
from my kit.
- Next, pass the cable through the LNB mounting arm, and fit
the LNB and rear cable clamp to the mounting arm. At this point, the
mounting arm may be set in position using the plastic clamps provided. I was
slightly surprised by the force required. If your cable has two connectors
already attached you will not be able to feed it through the mounting arm,
and will need to secure the cable with tape later.
- Next, assemble the clamps which mount the dish to the mast.
I was missing one nut and bolt for this, but the two remaining seemed
adequate. Time will tell!
- Finally, assemble the mast clamp to the dish. Note that it
is shaped to allow the dish to be vertically rotated after installation.
- Note that because the feed to the dish, the LNB, is offset
from the axis of the dish, the back of the dish will be almost vertical, not
tilted back at an angle looking up towards the satellite.
- The orientation of the LNB affects the polarisation of the
antenna. It should be mounted with the lead dropping vertically away
from the assembly. You will later adjust the exact angle for best
signal quality (best rejection of the cross-polarised signal).
The LNB assembled on
the dish arm
Alternative dual-output LNB
with snow-shield from
Para Protection Systems (and grey sky!)
- Undoubtedly for me, alignment was the most critical part of
the whole process. Whilst I was able get satisfactory alignment myself, with
the dish mounted on a patio stand, when the dish was mounted on the house I
let the professionals use their own satellite meter.
- Remember that the frequencies here are about seven times
higher than those for Meteosat or GOES WEFAX/LRIT, so the pointing accuracy has to be
about seven times better, as the antenna size is similar.
- If you have accurate directions (use a satellite tracking
program such as WXtrack to tell you where the satellite is, and find the
time of day when the sun is at the same azimuth), then you can align using
the PC and its DVB card.
- If you have to rely on a compass, instead of using the sun,
do remember to allow for the magnetic deviation at your location.
- You will need someone at the PC (or a remote
control link) to keep an eye on the signal strength, while you move the
dish. Yes, it can be an hilarious process! You should move the dish by a
fraction of a degree at a time, and you will need to have the elevation
approximately correct as well. Have patience!
- It can make things easier if you have a satellite signal
strength meter available. If you cannot borrow one, look at the easy-to-make
Satellite Signal Meter from Arne van Belle.
- If you are using the PC, be sure to select and define a
transponder before trying to pick up a signal.... A full
transponder scan can take 2 hours, so select just the EUMETSAT channel to
start with. You will only need to scan the channels if you wish to use
the system for TV, rather than data, reception.
- Very carefully adjust the dish for maximum signal. Start
the Setup4PC program, and either click the Status button (if you have a
channel selected) or use the Transponder management menu to select the EUMETSAT
channel (or an Astra channel if you are testing that way), and
click on the Edit button. This provides a display updated in real-time
showing measures of the signal strength. There is a bar marked Signal
Quality, with Red, Yellow and Green states. Aim for as high a quality as
possible. See: Checking the signal level screenshot below.
- Final tweaks may be made by rotating the LNB very slightly
away from true vertical while watching the status display (and not a
signal strength meter!). You may also move the LNB towards or away
from the dish for absolutely best signal.
- If you have not already installed the TelliCast software, do
so now, and set it up according to the instructions supplied by EUMETSAT.
It is recommended that you wait until you get the EUMETSAT CD before doing
any installation work. Installing the TelliCast software includes specifying a user name and password, and the folder to receive
the output data. Make sure you have plenty of space on the disk you choose!
If the software is installed in C:\Program Files\T-Systems\BusinessTV-IP\, then the received files will be
in C:\Program Files\T-Systems\BusinessTV-IP\received, and the log file will be
- If you are intending to receive other data such as DWDSAT
or Metop, you may wish to make alterations to the common \received\
directory to split the data for subsequent processing. There is more
information here, here
- Start the tc-recv.exe program (this may happen
automatically), and a new icon should appear
on your taskbar, with a white rectangle and a purple "T"
everything is working correctly. If not, check the log file, and the Web
browser control panel reached by right-clicking the TelliCast taskbar icon and
selecting HTML Shell. The Active Channels page should show the announcement
channel as always active, and the data channel as occasionally active as
data files are received. See: Checking you are receiving data
- If you do not receive data, first check that you have the
correct PIDs selected (see: Checking
the PIDs and Statistics screenshot below). The active PIDs should
include 0x0064 (the announcement channel) and 0x01F4 (the EARS and RSS data
channels). These PIDs should be preset from the T-systems software
installation, and you may need to add a PID for Meteosat-9 (MSG-2) data - that is
300 decimal which you enter as 0x012C (hex).
- You may want to check the excellent Web
page of Hugh Marnoch describing the alignment process and software
- James Brown in South Wales reports a signal strength
between 70% and 79%. However, note that the reported signal strength
will vary according to which DVB card version you have and which driver
- Ap van Weeren reports that even with a sun-blind over his
balcony-mounted dish, the signal is OK. At least that's with a plastic
sun-blind. Positioning the aluminium blind support over the central
part of dish does affect things, though!
Zipped PowerPoint presentation
entitled The Challenges of MSG-1 presented at the Symposium, Leicester, 2003
Further information about trouble-shooting EUMETCast is
available in the EUMETCast
The TechniSat User Guides may be downloaded here.
Please note that these are not EUMETCast specific.
Q 01: My data stopped early in October 2004
A: Please note that the transponder frequency was changed to 10853MHz on
September 30, 2004.
Q 02: GOES-9 (GMS) data stopped after September 14, 2005.
A: The data was replaced by data from MTSAT-1R. You may need updated software -
check you have at least V1.5.4 of the MSG Data
Q 03: Meteosat-5 and Meteosat-7 data stopped after October
A: You may need updated software - check you have at least V1.5.4 of the MSG Data
Q 04: Why is some of the channel 12 (HRV) data missing?
A: There is not enough downlink bandwidth to allow the full-width HRV
scan to be sent from the satellite to the ground station, so a half-width scan
is transmitted. This scan is split into a northern part fixed over Europe,
and a southern part which tracks the sun. This is shown in the 2MB
animation from EUMETSAT.
Q 05: My system sometimes locks in CYFRA+ rather than the
A: Assuming you have the most recent drivers from the EUMETSAT CD
(V4.3.0), try changing the transponder frequency from 10853MHz to a value 5MHz
higher. (from: EUMETSAT via Christof Ueberschaar).
Q 06: I have now a green Satellite, but a
yellow "T", how do I get it to turn pink?
A: Peter Benney writes: In Setup4PC select the data service "EUMETCast ::
Eurobird 9 E" and check the assigned IP address of the card (Run: ipconfig)
IP Address :192.168.238.238. see: page 14 in Technical
A: Arne van Belle comments: Please check in Setup4PC button
"status" that the correct transponder is set (Network should read:
T-Systems) and verify that Signal Quality is well above 55%.
Q 07: I just upgraded or re-installed the SkyStar drivers,
and I lost Data Channel 1 and Data Channel 3. I am now only getting HRIT
A: Did you check the correct PIDs on Data service "EUMETCast ::
Eurobird 9 E"? Be careful that you did not set PIDs for any
other data service!
Right-click on the green Setup4PC icon
in the system tray to check. (Confusingly, on the Transponder Status
display, the "Network" information will be shown as
Q 08: I get ATOVS data but not Meteosat
A: Did you remember to add the 0x012C MSG-1 PID? It seems that you
may need both the EARS PID and the MSG-1 PID at present for MSG-1
reception to work....
Q 09: Why don't I get LRIT data?
A: You need to add PID 0x012D
(decimal 301) to get the data.
Q 10: But I already checked, and the PIDs are
correct. What now?
A: Please select EUMETSAT rather than T-Systems from the green Setup4PC
system tray icon (by right-clicking).
Q 11: It seems as if my eToken is not recognised - I
can't get services I am licensed for?
Q 11: I keep getting messages like this in my log file:
ERR:2004-12-01 08:46:19.625:Cannot join channel "EUMETSAT Data Channel 3": Missing key 39492.
ERR:2004-12-01 08:46:21.406:Cannot join channel "EUMETSAT Data Channel 1": Missing key 39493.
A: You did install the RTE351 software and the eToken,
and it's glowing red, correct? Check that you can see properties for the
eToken when running Start, Programs, eToken, eToken properties.
A: Your username password is wrong:
- you used the username and password for FTP access, not the
user_name and user_key.
- If you manually edited recv.ini after install make sure to use
"user_key=" and not "user_key_crypt="
A: The eToken driver service is not started. In Control Panel,
Administrative Tools, Services; check that the Smart Card service startup
is set to Automatic, and that the service itself is Started.
Q 12: I keep getting messages like
this in my log file:
VRB:2003-04-01 14:56:57.359:Channel "TSL
Announcement Channel": Lost message 1100498
VRB:2003-04-01 14:56:57.359:Channel "TSL Announcement
Channel": Lost message 1100499
A: I sometimes get small
groups of this message - possibly when I overload the PC where I have the card
with too many other tasks. You may be able to reduce the sensitivity of
the TelliCast software to PC loading by using a RAMdisk
Q 13: What are the files named AMSU... and HIRS...?
A: These are files of ATOVS data from EUMETSAT Data channel 1. The
MSG Data Manager can process these files if you enable the Manage box on the Channel selection, Other page.
Q 14: What differences does LRIT have?
A: Fewer sensor channels, transmitted less frequently, and with lossy
compression. However, images from satellites other than Meteosat-9 are included.
Q 15: When will the data loss due solar-outage happen for
A: Please see the page on Solar Outages
written by Arne van Belle
Q 16: Why are there multiple solar outages?
A: There may be an outage at your station when the sun goes behind
Eurobird-9 as seen from your location. There may also be an outage when the
sun goes behind Meteosat-8 as seen from EUMETSAT's receiving station.
Similar outages can affect all geostationary weather satellites.
Q 17: Should I keep the T-systems HTML Shell running?
A: Some people have reported a memory leak in this shell, and others have
noticed a higher CPU load, so it is probably better to reserve use of this shell
for trouble-shooting rather than to leave it running.
Q 18: The TelliCast software is slow to restart, after it's
been running for a while.
A: This may be the log file renaming process if you have the maximum
number of log files in the \Tellique folder. (Thanks: Arne van Belle).
Q 19: I get unexpected error messages, for example: "File
A: Try stopping tqrev or tc-recv, deleting any *.fsy files in
C:\Tellique\Receiving\temp\, and re-starting.
Q 20: In Task Manager I see two
tc-recv.exe processes (one
with about 3.5MB and one with 10MB of memory) and one Server4PC process.
A: These are the processes associated with the TelliCast software and DVB
card, and are normal.
Q 21: I am running Windows 2000 and my PC gradually runs
out of memory. The process scardsvr.exe seems to be leaking memory.
A: Set the "Smart Card" service to Startup = Manual or Disabled.
You should not see this if you have the eToken hardware and software installed.
Q 22: I am running a Timestep ProSat interface and can't
access the 192.168.238.238 IP address of the USB SkyStar adapter.
A: Remove the Timestep interface (from Don Bache).
Q 23: Why can I not access the T-systems monitor from the
A: Perhaps you have firewall software installed. You may need to
add the TelliCast software to the list of allowed programs.
Q 24: Can I test the system with TV data reception?
Can I use both at the same time?
A: For testing purposes only, if you want to use the system for TV reception under
Windows XP, with Media Player 9, you may need a registry patch. Paul Marsh notes: The key to add is
HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\MediaPlayer\ShimExclusionList. Under here, do a New, Key and type TV4PC.EXE.
Restart the server4pc and
tv4pc applications and it works! Please note that you may not be able
data and TV pictures at the same time. With the Dexatek/DVBworld USB
boxes simultaneous TV and data is possible, but the TV content may not all be
suitable for family viewing.
Q 25: Why do I get missing segments?
A: Please see the summary
of Missing Segment issues.
Q 26: What size of
RAMdisk should I use?
A: Whilst 25MB should be enough for normal Meteosat-8/9 only reception, during
late May 2006 EUMETSAT sent out software updates over EUMETCast which needed a
somewhat bigger RAMdisk. If you have plenty of memory, or want Metop AVHRR
reception, I would suggest a
RAMdisk size of 80MB, but otherwise try a value nearer to 35MB. Remember
that if you alter the RAMdisk size, you should alter the file_database_size
parameter in the TelliCast recv.ini file. I suggest you set the RAMdisk to
80MB, and the file_database_size=83000000 (80 x 1024 x 1024 = 83886080, so you
are allowing a small margin by specifying 83,000,000). A reboot will likely be
required to alter the RAMdisk size, and a restart of the TelliCast software
would be required to read the new file_database_size value. If the free AR
Soft RAMdisk does not give you enough size, try the free
Q 27: How do I edit recv.ini and
A: For Windows XP. Using Windows Explorer, locate the file recv.ini.
Double-click on the file. You get a dialog box saying that Windows cannot
open the file. Click the "Select the program from a list" radio
button, and click OK. After a pause, a list of programs appears.
Scroll down to Notepad, and click on Notepad to select it. Check the
"Always use the selected program...." checkbox. Click on
OK. From now on, any file with the .INI extension will open in Notepad.
Q 28: I have just installed on a
brand new PC, and TelliCast gives the error "Connect failed" as I move the
mouse over the red TelliCast icon .
A: Check the IP addresses by using the IPCONFIG command at the command
prompt. If the IP address differs from the IP address in the recv.ini
file, change the two so that they match. See
here for more information. (From Arne van Belle and Fred van den Bosch)
Q 29: Since early August 2006, I
have been getting lots of missing segments on the Foreign Satellite Data (FSD).
A: Check that you have upgraded your TelliCast client software to V2.4.4
B. If you do not have this update, please contact EUMETSAT.
Q 30: Since 23 September 2006, I
have only been getting Met-5, Met-7 and GOES/MTSAT data.
A: MSG-1 developed a fault on that date, and MSG-2 data has temporarily replaced
the MSG-1 data. You may need to upgrade your reception software. More
Q 31: Since 2007 April 12 my MSG-1 data stopped.
A: Meteosat-9 (MSG-2) data replaced Meteosat-8 (MSG-1) data and you may
need to adjust your reception software. More
Q32: What size of dish do I need?
A: EUMETSAT recommend quite a big dish (85cm) and the bigger the dish you
have, the greater protection against signal drop-outs or loss due to rain
etc. In practice, you can manage with 67cm or larger dish over much of
Europe, but if you are near to the extremities of the Eurobird-9
footprint, a bigger dish may be required. Ask on the MSG-1
Yahoo group about your own location.
Where do I point my dish?
the Ku-band Europe service, visit http://www.satlex.de/en/azel_calc.html,
select your country and city, select orbital position 9.0E : Eurobird 9/9A, and
You may also want to check out Bepi's
step-by-step Guide to configuring a EUMETCast receiver system.
In January 2014 Java was updated to make it more secure, by
making Java programs which were not "digitally signed" not run.
This stopped the TelliCast throughput graph from the HTML shell from
working. To resolve this, the PC (or PCs) need to be added to an exception
list. Follow these outline steps:
- Open the Windows Control Panel.
- Search for "java" if the Java icon isn't already
- Open the Java settings by double-clicking.
- Select the Security tab. You should see an Exception
Site List, which will initially be empty.
- Click the Edit Site List button.
- Click Add.
- Enter your PC in the format:
- Click Add.
- Click Continue to accept the warning message.
- Repeat steps 6 to 10 if you have more than one EUMETCast PC
to monitor, using the PC names rather than 127.0.0.1.
- Click OK to close the Edit Site List box.
- Click OK to close the Java control panel.
You will find that you still need to click Run when accessing
the TelliCast throughput screen in your Web browser. There are more
details with screen-shots here.
You can see the data flow
statistics for my DVB PCs on the Web. They are updated from
time to time. Note how the quantity of data varies throughout the day, and
how each orbit of Metop contributes the most variation in data flow.
These statistics are created by running the MRTG
software, and enabling the SNMP service on the Receiver PC. How
to collect this data.
Click for more graphs
Checking the signal level
To get this screen, right-click the green
Setup4PC icon in the taskbar, and select Setup4PC. Click the Status
button. Note that the audible signal strength indication - enabled and
disabled by clicking the small speaker
button next to the Signal Quality display
- is only available on more recent versions of the SkyStar software. While
older V4.2.2 works well with the PCI card, V4.3.0 is now the version recommended
by EUMETSAT. This screen-shot is from V4.4.1 which has even better
performance, but doesn't install on XP SP3 (I will run OK, though, on a PC which
has been upgraded from SP2 to SP3 - don't ask, I didn't write this software, nor
Different logos on the Setup4PC display
(older V4.2.2 drivers, panel has a Help button)
(drivers not from TechniSat?)
Checking the PIDs and statistics
To get this screen, right-click the green
Setup4PC icon in the taskbar, and select Setup4PC.
Note the logo on the screen which helps identify which driver version you have. Click the Statistics
tab. Note that if the TelliCast software is not running, the
throughput figures will be zero, as there is no software listening for the IP
packets being sent by the SkyStar software. To check this, run a "netstat
-a" command and look for UDP ports 1065, 4711 and 4712 in the list.
These are the data channels available in Europe
through the Ku-band Eurobird-9 satellite. Please see the EUMETSAT
site for details about other satellites (e.g. C-band coverage of Africa and the Americas).
The table below is sorted by channel name.
|Max data rate
||African fire data
||BMD RA-VI data
||MDD RA-I data
|Data Channel 4
|| Metop ADCS
|| Metop AMSU-A
|| Metop ASCAT
||Moved to [EPS-Global]
|| Metop GOME
|| Metop GRAS
|| Metop HIRS
|| Metop MHS
|| Metop SEM
|| Metop AVHRR 5-channel data
Metop AVHRR polar winds
|| Metop IASI
|| Metop HKTM
||Moved to [EPS-Global]
||Service & Test
Metop & NOAA
|EUMETSAT Data Channel 1
||EARS (ATOVS, AVHRR, SCAT)
|EUMETSAT Data Channel 2
- 12-channel Meteosat-9 data ¤
|EUMETSAT Data Channel 3
- Meteosat-7 Indian Ocean
- Foreign Satellite Data (FSD)
- GOES-W, GOES-E & MTSAT
- MDD, MPEF
|EUMETSAT Data Channel 4
satwnd winds product
- hourly FSD supplement
- MODIS L1 1km data
- RII MPEF data
|EUMETSAT Data Channel 5
- Rapid Scan Service
- 12-channel Meteosat-8 data - § ¤
|EUMETSAT Data Channel 6
- Rapid Scan Service
- Meteosat-8 MPEF data - §§ ¤
|EUMETSAT Data Channel 7
||Multi-service EUMETCast Americas
|EUMETSAT Data Channel 8
||Multi-service, EUMETCast Americas
|EUMETSAT Data Channel 9
||DCP service - §§§
|EUMETSAT Data Channel 10
||Jason products - §§§§
|EUMETSAT Data Channel 11
||China Meteorological Administration
(CMA) image and meteorological data
|EUMETSAT Data Channel 12
||Multi-service Europe/Africa 2
|EUMETSAT Data Channel 13
|EUMETSAT Data Channel 14
||Multi-service high-volume Europe/Africa
|EUMETSAT Data Channel 15
||General info, updates
||Daily logs, weekly reports
||Retim system updates & info
||NPP GDS data
||NPP regional data
Analysis products - Africa
||Land Surface Analysis products - South America
||LSA SAF products
||OSI SAF products
|TSL Announcement channel
||GEONETCast Product Navigator
You need to ensure that at least the announcement
channel PID, and the PID or PIDs for the data you want to receive are present in
the Setup4PC program. Selecting the EUMETCast :: Eurobird 9E service by
right-clicking the green Setup4PC
icon is an easy way to do this. Certain data may require your eToken to be
enabled by EUMETSAT before reception is possible.
* - two numbers in the Data Rate column usually
means nominal rate / observed rate.
** - some references give channels EPS-13 - EPS-17 as NOAA, rather than Metop
data. This is for NOAA GAC data (lower
resolution) from various NOAA satellites. A subset of NOAA polar orbiter passes
is tracked by the EPS ground stations, processed in the EPS system and disseminated by EUMETCast.
*** - not in latest EUMETSAT list (Nov 2006).
¤ - during decontamination of Meteosat 9, the role of primary and back
satellites may be reversed, and the primary Meteosat-8 data will appear on
channels 2 & 3, and backup Meteosat-9 data on channels 5 and, bandwidth
permitting, channel 5. See, for example, Access
to Data, December 2007. Meteosat-8 is now in production mode with the rapid
¤¤ - LRIT Meteosat image data removed from EUMETCast in January 2011.
§ - full scan until May 2007, reduced height rapid-scan from June 2007.
§§ - until May 2007. From July 2008, MPEF data for the rapid scanning
service is carried, but not the LRIT image data.
§§§ - DCP moved from Data Channel 3 to Data Channel 9 on 2008 Mar 25.
§§§§ - Jason data planned to move from Data Channel 8 on 2008 May 06.
Status: P = production, T = tests, C =
commissioning, ? = unknown
The EUMETSAT version of the table can be found on
Here is a guide to which of my software manages,
decodes or displays which data. This is only a guide as some of the data
channels carry a whole variety of information, and some of the tools below can
decode other data - e.g. the GRIB Viewer will decode quite a lot of DWDSAT GRIB
||For the NOAA-17 and NOAA-18 data from the EARS service
(an extended Europe coverage).
||This program handles Wind data.
||CMA Data Viewer
||The FY2C images are saved as JPEGs by the MSG Data
Manager. The CMA Viewer handles the processed weather data.
||DWDSAT HRPT Viewer
||For pre-processed AVHRR data from a variety of polar
orbiting satellites over Europe.
||Mainly for SAF data.
||Multi-channel processing, remapping and animation.
||Mainly for SAF data.
||Handles EUMETCast data as well as Internet and many
||MSG Data Manager
||Main work-horse for non-Metop data.
||Handles MODIS fire data and the L1 1km Aqua & Terra images.
||Main work-horse for Metop data.
||Coloured, single-channel animations.
||Also handles FTP data from the Ocean and Sea-Ice SAF.
PID list - what the different PIDs are used for
||Announcement channel, Info-Channel-1, WWW-Channel
||EUMETSAT Data Channel 2 - HRIT
||EUMETSAT Data Channel 3 - LRIT, MPEF, SAF-Africa, Jason, CMA, DCP, MODIS fire
||EUMETSAT Data Channels 1, 4, 5, 6,
||Americas-CH1, Multi-service EUMETCast Americas,
Checking you are receiving data
To get this screen, right-click the purple
TelliCast icon in the taskbar, and select the HTML Shell menu. From your
browser, select the Active Channels option. Most of the time, just Data
Channel 2 (HRIT) will be active. Data Channel 3 (with LRIT data) will often be
active as well. As the refresh of the screen
can take some CPU cycles on the receiver PC, don't leave this display
running any more than you